Skip to main content

Union Drill Club of Salem Records, 1861

Identifier: MM 37

  • Staff Only

Scope and Content Note

The Union Drill Club of Salem Records include constitutional documents, members lists and rosters, records, and account books. This collection includes the administrative and financial documents of the Union Drill Club of Salem. A handwritten constitution for the organization is dated 1861 and includes a list of member signatures at the end of the book. There is also a separate roster of members and a record book of meeting minutes from committee meetings. Two account books from 1861 list accounts by name. Finally, there are blank Union Drill Club membership forms.


  • 1861


Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.

Historical Sketch

The Union Drill Club first met on April 22, 1861 in the Armory of the Salem Mechanic Light Infantry on Central Street in Salem, Massachusetts. The club was organized initially as a civil organization to support the Union cause but in May 1861 the members effectively changed the organization to have a military purpose. George M. Whipple was elected as Captain and Joseph H. Webb was elected First Lieutenant. The members adopted the Zouave jacket as a part of their uniform. In September 1861 the members voted to enlist with the Union, provided they received the authority from the state to raise a company that reflected the current organization's members. Recruiting began and by October 18, 1861 the Union Drill Club members began training at Camp Schouler in Lynnfield, Massachusetts. The organization officially became Company F of the 23rd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.


.5 linear feet (1 box)

Language of Materials



The Union Drill Club of Salem Records include constitutional documents, members lists and rosters, records, and account books. This collection has been arranged into one series.

Physical Location

Phillips Library Stacks


This material was found in the collection.

Bibliography and Related Material

Valentine, Herbert E. Story of Co. F, 23d Massachusetts Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Boston: W. B. Clarke & Co., 1896.

Massachusetts Volunteer Militia Records, 1775-1908, MM 6

Herbert E. Valentine Papers, 1861-1915, MM 7

23rd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Association Records, 1861-1917, MM 39

For additional Union Drill Club of Salem material, including applications for membership, by-laws, notices, call for recruits, and broadsides, please visit Philcat, our online catalog.

Processing Information

Collection processed and cataloged by Halley Grogan, April 2012.

Inventory prepared by Halley Grogan
Language of description
Script of description
Processing of this collection was funded by a grant from the NHPRC (National Historical Publications and Records Commission).

Repository Details

Part of the Phillips Library Repository

Peabody Essex Museum
306 Newburyport Turnpike
Rowley MA 01969 USA