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Remond Family Papers, 1823-1869, undated

 Collection
Identifier: MSS 271

  • Staff Only

Scope and Content Note

The Remond Family Papers are divided into two series: the John Remond Papers and the Charles Lenox Remond Letters.

Series I. John Remond Papers consists of agreements including those to provide for dinners for special events held at the Hamilton Hall; correspondence, which includes requests to purchase commodities and to prepare meals; menus for special dinners; invoices for services and goods including expenses of dinner for Marquis de Lafayette; bills of lading for shipments of supplies from New York City; and miscellaneous, including advertisements, list of subscribers, two undated lists of names, results of a vote, a scrap of paper with notation apparently written by John Remond, and two poems.

Series II. Charles Lenox Remond Papers contains letter which were written during the years 1840-1860 and include thank you letters and those discussing anti-slavery issues.

Dates

  • 1823-1869, undated

Creator

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.

Biographical Sketches

John Remond arrived in Beverly, Massachusetts, from Curacao at about age ten on September 11, 1798 aboard the brig Six Brothers, captioned by John Needham. He was one of 308 blacks out of a total population of 9,149 in Salem in 1800. John was given living quarters in 1805 on the ground floor in the newly built Hamilton Hall, which was named for Alexander Hamilton and located at the corner of Chestnut and Cambridge Streets in Salem. John was probably the caretaker for the premises. On May 2, 1811 he became a citizen of the United States. At the age of nineteen, Remond began his business of barbering and hairdressing, as well as catering. There were two stores on the ground floor of Hamilton Hall, one of which was occupied by Remond, who catered most of the affairs held in the hall. This building was to be his principal source of activity for more than fifty years.

John Remond and Nancy Lenox were married by the Reverend Thomas Paul of the African Baptist Church in Boston on October 29, 1807. Nancy was an accomplished fancy cake maker and did the cooking for their catering services. John rose to prominence as principal "restaurateur" in Salem between the years 1805 and 1857. In 1808, John began to collect rare and fine wines, which he sold along with choice goods in his shop on the ground floor of Hamilton Hall. He catered the great dinner at Hamilton Hall on the occasion of Marquis de Lafayette's second visit to Salem on August 31, 1824.

John was a life member of the New England Anti-Slavery Society. The Remonds were ardent abolitionists and their home was a haven for fugitive slaves who were provided with nourishment, clothing and shelter. John and Nancy Remond had eight children: Susan H., Maritche Juan, Cecilia, Caroline, Charles Lenox, John Lenox, Nancy, and Sarah Parker.

In December 1848, John Remond withdrew from business because of ill health. The business was continued by his son-in-law, James Shearman. John Remond died on March 6, 1874 at the age of eighty-eight and was buried in Harmony Grove Cemetery.

Charles Lenox Remond was born in Salem on February 1, 1810. He was an orator and lectured on the subject of prejudice and slavery. He was a life member of the American Anti-Slavery Society. Charles Lenox served as a recruiting agent during the American Civil War. He became a clerk in the custom house in Boston and worked there until his death. He married Amy Matilda Williams of New York, who had five children from a previous marriage; she died of unknown causes. On July 5, 1858 he married Elizabeth Magee in Newton, Massachusetts. They were the parents of three children: Amy M., Charles L., Junior, and Ernest A. He died of consumption at his home in Wakefield, Massachusetts, on December 22, 1873 at the age of sixty-three and was buried in Harmony Grove Cemetery in Salem.

Sarah Parker Remond was born in Salem on June 6, 1826. She became a lecturer in the anti-slavery movement. While lecturing in England, Scotland and Ireland, she attended classes in elocution, vocal music, ancient history, Latin, French, arithmetic, geography and English literature at the Bedford College for Ladies. Sarah studied medicine in Florence, Italy, and in 1871 received a diploma certifying her for a Professional Medical Practice.

In Florence on April 25, 1877, Sarah Parker Remond married Lazzaro Pintor, a native of Sardinia. She died at the age of seventy in London on December 13, 1894 and was buried in the Protestant cemetery in Rome.

Extent

1.88 Linear feet (2 boxes)

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

The Remond Family Papers are divided into two series: the John Remond Papers and the Charles Lenox Remond Letters.

Series List

SERIES I. John Remond Papers

  • A. Agreements
  • B. Correspondence
  • C. Menus
  • D. Invoices
  • E. Bills of lading
  • F. Miscellaneous
SERIES II. Charles Lenox Remond Papers

Physical Location

Phillips Library Stacks

Provenance

The papers may have been donated by Miss Cecilia R. Babcock on June 22, 1915. The Charles Lenox Remond letters were donated by Miss M. H. Jewell of Portland, Maine, in the 1930s. The letter from Charles Lenox Remond to Mr. R. Robinson, dated December 13, 1860, was purchased in 1947.

Bibliography

"Charles Lenox Remond," Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. XV, pp. 499-500.

National Archives and Records Administration; Washington D.C.: Roll #73; Volume: Roll 073-10 Aug 1858-08 Oct. 1858.

Odin, Gloria C., "The Journal of Charlotte L. Forten: The Salem-Philadelphia Years (1854-1862) Reexamined," Essex Institute Historical Collections119. No. 2 (April 1983): 124-132.

Porter, Dorothy Burnett. "The Remonds of Salem…," Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society 95 (1985): 124, 128.

Salem Female Anti-Slavery Society Records, 1834-1866, MSS 34.

Usrey, Miriam L., "Charles Lenox Remond, Garrison's Ebony Echo, World Anti-Slavery Convention, 1840," Essex Institute Historical Collections106 (April 1970): 112-125.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Marion Clark, August 1994. Updated by Nicholas Long, May 2015.

Title
REMOND FAMILY PAPERS, 1823-1869
Author
Processed by: Marion Clark; Updated by: Nicholas Long; machine-readable finding aid created by: Rajkumar Natarajan.
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Phillips Library Repository

Contact:
Peabody Essex Museum
306 Newburyport Turnpike
Rowley MA 01969 USA