Winthrop Family Papers, 1633-1700, 1899
Scope and Content Note
This collection consists of 25 documents related to Ipswich, Massachusetts. It includes letters, deeds, and a petition. Most of the documents were written to or from John Winthrop, Jr.
You will see some letters dated with two different years. This is because the letters were dated using the Julian calendar, not the Gregorian calendar that we use today. During most of America's colonial period, March 25 was the first day of the new year. In 1750, for example, the year ended on 24 March 1750; the following day was 25 March 1751. In that time period, New Englanders were still considered part of Great Britain, which continued to use the Julian calendar until September 1752.
"A contemporary copy of the articles of complaint against Rev. Thomas Gilbert of Topsfield, presented to the Court at Ipswich" dated 1666 (Folder 22) has never been published and so there is no transcript for this document.
Box 1 contains all of the original documents and has been restricted. Box 2 contains scanned copies of each document and a transcript, when available, for public use. Box 3 contains both the original deed and a scanned copy in a separate folder. Only the scanned copy is available to the public.
- 1633-1700, 1899
- Winthrop family (Family)
Restrictions on Access
Restricted due to fragility (box 1 and box 3, folder 2). A color scan has been made of each page for researcher use and placed in Box 2. Researchers will only have access to Box 2 and Folder 1 of Box 3. No photocopies may be made of the material. If copies are necessary they will be printed out from digital files.
John Winthrop (1588-1649) was born in Edwardston, England, in 1588 to Adam Winthrop (1548-1623) and Anne Browne Winthrop (1558-1629). In December 1602 he matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge, but did not graduate. Winthrop founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and served as governor of the colony from 1630-1634, 1637-1640, 1642-1644, and 1646-1649. He married four times: in 1605 to Mary Forth (1584-1615); in 1615 to Thomasine Clopton (1583?-1616); in 1618 to Margaret Tyndal (1591-1647); and in 1647 to Martha Rainsborough Coytmore (1617?-1660).
John Winthrop, Jr. (1606-1676) was the oldest son of Gov. John Winthrop (1588-1649) and Mary Forth Winthrop (1584-1615). He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, and studied law at the Inner Temple, London. In 1631 he followed his father to Massachusetts and, with twelve other men, in March 1632-33, began a plantation at what is now Ipswich, Massachusetts. The death of his wife, Martha, and daughter in the autumn of 1634 caused him to change his plans and he soon afterward returned to England. In 1635 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Reade and step-daughter of Hugh Peters. She died in 1672, leaving two sons and five daughters. In January 1645, he sold his farm at Ipswich and moved to New London, Connecticut. He had been an assistant in the government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony for eighteen years, but in 1651 he was elected Governor of Connecticut and served until his death in 1676.
2.5 linear feet (3 boxes)
Language of Materials
This collection consists of 25 documents related to Ipswich, Massachusetts, including letters, deeds, and a petition. Most of the documents were written to or from John Winthrop, Jr.
SERIES I. Governor John Winthrop
SERIES II. John Winthrop, Jr.
SERIES III. Related Documents
Phillips Library Stacks
This bulk of this collection was donated by Robert C. Winthrop, Jr. in 1887 and 1899. The deed of the farm Argilla was donated by Nathan P. Nichols in 1986.
Collection processed by Tamara Gaydos, November 2009. Updated 2016.
- Downing, Emanuel, 1585-1660
- Dudley, Samuel
- Endecott, John, 1588?-1665
- Epps, Daniel
- Epps, Elizabeth
- Epps, Samuel
- Firmin, Giles, 1614-1697
- Gilbert, William, Rev.
- Ipswich (Mass.)
- Massachusetts -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775
- Massachusetts -- Politics and government -- To 1775
- Norton, John, 1606-1663
- Payne, William, 1650-1696
- Peters, Hugh, 1598-1660
- Reade, Samuel
- Symonds, Samuel
- Ward, Nathaniel, 1578-1652
- Williams, Roger, 1604?-1683
- Winthrop, John, 1588-1649
- Winthrop, John, Jr., 1606-1676
- Winthrop, Robert C., Jr.
- Winthrop family (Family)
- WINTHROP FAMILY PAPERS, 1633-1700, 1899
- Processed by: Tamara Gaydos; machine-readable finding aid created by: Rajkumar Natarajan.
- Language of description
- Script of description
Part of the Phillips Library Repository
Peabody Essex Museum
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