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Hosea B. Buck Papers, 1861-1949, 1973, undated

Identifier: MSS 923

Scope and Contents

The Hosea B. Buck Papers contains the business and personal papers of Hosea Ballou Buck (1871-1937), a manager of Maine timberlands who supervised lands owned by the estate of E.S. Coe and the heirs of David Pingree. The papers contain administrative records, which detail the management of those lands, as well as some material related to Buck’s personal life.

Some material in the collection postdates Buck’s death. These materials likely appear in the collection because successor organizations, such as The Seven Islands Land Company, interfiled their own records with Buck's when they shared a subject. Material preceding Buck’s tenure, such as leases, were likely inherited by Buck from previous managers. To preserve the original order of the materials, they have not been moved. The collection has been divided into three series.

Series I. Correspondence contains business correspondence sent or received by Buck. The correspondence covers a variety of topics, including land sales, the negotiation of leases, scaling methods, and other related topics. The series has been divided into two subseries.

Subseries A. Received contains correspondence received by Buck. The subseries is organized by subject and date. Correspondence received from David Pingree (1841-1932) from 1910-1929 is organized chronologically. Correspondence received in 1934-1935 is organized by subject. Subseries B. Letter Books is comprised of letter books, which contain copies of correspondence sent by Buck. The subseries is organized chronologically, with two books related to the Maine fire patrol and one book related to the log scale commission included at the end of the subseries.

Series II. Operational Records contains operational records kept by Buck. The series holds a variety of materials, including bills and receipts, tax materials, checks, leases, scaler’s returns, permits, deeds, and other records. The series has been divided into nine subseries.

Subseries A. Bills and Receipts contains bills and receipts received by Buck. They document expenses incurred in various land management projects, including receipts for surveyors, land scaler bills, road maintenance bills, and bills for other operational costs. Subseries B. Tax Receipts contains records of federal, state, and local taxes paid on Pingree lands. Subseries C. Checks and Account Statements contains checks, checkbooks, and account statements from Maine-based banks used for the management of Pingree and Coe lands. Subseries D. Township Leases contains private and commercial leases issued by Buck and his predecessor on lands owned by the Pingree heirs and Coe family. Subseries E. Scaler’s Returns contains Scaler’s Returns, records produced by log scalers, which document the total amount of timber removed from lands during logging expeditions. Subseries F. Permits contains permits issued by Buck for Pingree and Coe lands. Permits generally concern the sale of stumpage on lands. Subseries G. Titles, Deeds, and Land Purchase Records contains abstracts of titles and deeds for various Pingree and Coe lands, as well as materials related to a land sale deal with the Somerset Timberland Company and reports on the Cyr Plantation in Aroostook County Maine. Subseries H. Land Value Figures contains land value figures for Pingree and Coe lands. Materials included in this subseries were removed from their original binders due to preservation concerns. The covers of the binders were photocopied and placed with the figures. Subseries I. Other Records contains various other records not directly related to any of the other subseries. These include records related to a lawsuit over land ownership, records from a 1907 commission on scaling in Maine, and other materials.

Series III. Personal Papers contains personal records created or owned by Buck which do not directly relate to Pingree and Coe lands. The series contains a number of photographic prints and negatives of nature scenes, individuals, and buildings. Other materials include: clippings related to Buck’s philanthropy within the University of Maine, and correspondence related to the ownership of shares.


  • Creation: 1861-1949, 1973, undated


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research use.

Biographical / Historical

Hosea Ballou Buck was a manager of Maine timberlands who worked for the Pingree and Coe families during the first four decades of the 20th century. Buck was born on December 12th, 1871, in Old Town, Maine. He became involved with the Pingree and Coe land interests in the early 1900’s: managing various regional managers in Maine and New Hampshire; issuing permits and leases from offices in Bangor, Maine; organizing the payment of federal, state, and local taxes; and completing other integral functions. He directly followed James Wingate Sewell in this roll, after Sewell’s death in 1905. As the Pingree family’s land interests were organized into the Aziscoos, Garfield, and Piscataquis land companies in the early 1930’s, Buck served as one of the companies’ initial directors, as well as clerk and treasurer.

Buck attended the University of Maine, graduating in 1893 and becoming heavily involved in philanthropy for the university during the latter half of his life. He won an alumni service award in 1931 and served as the chairman of the university’s board of trustees at the time of his death (Suzanne Kay Hart).

Buck married Alice M. Snow in 1895, and had one child with her, Donald Coe Buck (born 1905, died 1908). The pair divorced at some point after their son’s death. He remarried in 1918 to Margaret A. Murphy, adopting her two daughters Mary and Margaret (

Buck died on February 22nd, 1937, in Bangor, Maine of a heart attack (Boston Globe).


62.49 Linear Feet (105 boxes, 2 flat files)

Language of Materials



The Hosea B. Buck Papers contains the business and personal papers of Hosea Ballou Buck (1871-1937), a manager of Maine timberlands who supervised lands owned by the estate of E.S. Coe and the heirs of David Pingree. The papers contain administrative records, which detail the management of those lands, as well as some material related to Buck’s personal life.

Series List

I. Correspondence

  1. Received
  2. Letter Books

II. Operational Records

  1. Bills and Receipts
  2. Tax Receipts
  3. Checks and Account Statements
  4. Township Leases
  5. Scaler's Returns
  6. Permits
  7. Titles, Deeds, and Land Purchase Records
  8. Land Value Figures
  9. Other Records

III. Personal Papers

Physical Location

Phillips Library Stacks


This material was donated by Pingree family heirs.

Bibliography and Related Collections

Bibliography: Maine, U.S., Marriage Records, 1713-1922 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.

“Hosea B. Buck Dead; Maine Univ. Trustee,” The Boston Globe, February 23, 1937,

“Suzanne Kay Hart ’68 Alumni Service Award,” University of Maine Alumni Association, accessed January 31, 2022.

Related Collections:

David Pingree Papers, 1831-1940, 1969, undated. MSS 905

Stephen Wheatland Papers, 1929-1964. MSS 908

S.F. Peaslee Papers, 1873-1947, 1967, 1974. MSS 922

E. S. Coe Papers, 1804-1970. MSS 924

Aziscoos Land Company Records, 1863-1958. MSS 928

Garfield Land Company, 1835-1954. MSS 929

Piscataquis Land Company Records, 1934-1940. MSS 930

Processing Information

This material was placed in acid free folders. Staples and paperclips were removed and metal fasteners were cut out. Folded documents were unfolded.

H.B. Buck Papers, 1861-1949, 1973, undated
Patrick Doyle
February 2022
Description rules
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
The processing of this collection was funded by a gift from the Pingree heirs.

Repository Details

Part of the Phillips Library Repository

Peabody Essex Museum
306 Newburyport Turnpike
Rowley MA 01969 USA